Covering up your dark patches can be a hassle. And sun damage, hormonal imbalances, and acne scars have made hyperpigmentation or the appearance of dark patches a norm.
When some parts of your skin are darker than others, you may be suffering from this condition. It’s an over secretion of melanin, the color-producing pigment. Damage to the melanocytes (cells that produce pigments) also causes hyperpigmentation, and it happens in all ages and skin types.
Although this condition is harmless, people who have it want to get rid of it fast. Here are some treatments for hyperpigmentation:
Consider topical creams
Faithfully using your topical creams is one of your best bets in dealing with hyperpigmentation; consistency may bring results in weeks to months of commencing this treatment.
A natural skin lightening agent may help you clear your hyperpigmentation, and kojic acid is an excellent product to consider. It reduces tyrosine production, an amino acid that plays a significant role in melanin synthesis.
Kojic acid is found in soaps, creams, and serums; it’s safe for use and penetrates the skin deeper than many other hyperpigmentation treatments.
In addition, kojic acid won’t just lighten your skin; it’ll prevent further melanin production.
Azelaic acid is another treatment you can consider; it’s a saturated acid that blocks excessive pigment production. This leave-on exfoliant also brightens the skin.
Azelaic acid is one of your safest and most effective options for hyperpigmentation.
Hydroquinone is highly effective for treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and is one of the most prescribed agents. You can use it once or twice daily, but consistency for at least four weeks is required before a noticeable change occurs.
It’s best to check for skin sensitivity before using hydroquinone because it causes skin irritation, redness, itchiness, or itchiness in some people. You should also avoid spot treating – apply this ingredient to the entire surrounding area.
Vitamin C’s ability to inhibit melatonin production makes it an excellent treatment for hyperpigmentation. Topical vitamin C products for hyperpigmentation are often in serum form, and consistent use will lighten your skin. It also contains ample antioxidants, which naturally improve the quality of the skin.
Retinoids are by-products of vitamin A, and they can be used to treat hyperpigmentation by accelerating the skin’s cell turnover rate. It exfoliates older skin cells while bringing newer ones to the fore.
However, retinoids cause congenital disabilities, so avoid using them if you’re pregnant.
Consider chemical procedures
Certified dermatologists administer chemical procedures for hyperpigmentation. Some of your options are:
Chemical peeling is a controlled method of burning the skin with glycolic acid or lactic acid. It removes the upper layers of the skin and allows the development of new cells as a replacement.
Laser therapy is the use of light beams to remove epidermal skin layers. This treatment is ideal for extreme hyperpigmentation cases, mainly when this condition is deep-rooted.
Here, a hand-held device is used to remove the top layer of the skin. It removes hyperpigmentation after several sessions.